public member function
<list>

std::list::unique

(1)
void unique();
(2)
template <class BinaryPredicate>
  void unique (BinaryPredicate binary_pred);
Remove duplicate values
The version with no parameters (1), removes all but the first element from every consecutive group of equal elements in the container.

Notice that an element is only removed from the list container if it compares equal to the element immediately preceding it. Thus, this function is especially useful for sorted lists.

The second version (2), takes as argument a specific comparison function that determine the "uniqueness" of an element. In fact, any behavior can be implemented (and not only an equality comparison), but notice that the function will call binary_pred(*i,*(i-1)) for all pairs of elements (where i is an iterator to an element, starting from the second) and remove i from the list if the predicate returns true.

The elements removed are destroyed.

Paramaters

binary_pred
Binary predicate that, taking two values of the same type than those contained in the list, returns true to remove the element passed as first argument from the container, and false otherwise.
This shall be a function pointer or a function object.

Return value

none

Example

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// list::unique
#include <iostream>
#include <cmath>
#include <list>

// a binary predicate implemented as a function:
bool same_integral_part (double first, double second)
{ return ( int(first)==int(second) ); }

// a binary predicate implemented as a class:
struct is_near {
  bool operator() (double first, double second)
  { return (fabs(first-second)<5.0); }
};

int main ()
{
  double mydoubles[]={ 12.15,  2.72, 73.0,  12.77,  3.14,
                       12.77, 73.35, 72.25, 15.3,  72.25 };
  std::list<double> mylist (mydoubles,mydoubles+10);
  
  mylist.sort();             //  2.72,  3.14, 12.15, 12.77, 12.77,
                             // 15.3,  72.25, 72.25, 73.0,  73.35

  mylist.unique();           //  2.72,  3.14, 12.15, 12.77
                             // 15.3,  72.25, 73.0,  73.35

  mylist.unique (same_integral_part);  //  2.72,  3.14, 12.15
                                       // 15.3,  72.25, 73.0

  mylist.unique (is_near());           //  2.72, 12.15, 72.25

  std::cout << "mylist contains:";
  for (std::list<double>::iterator it=mylist.begin(); it!=mylist.end(); ++it)
    std::cout << ' ' << *it;
  std::cout << '\n';

  return 0;
}


Output:
mylist contains: 2.72 12.15 72.25

Complexity

Linear in container size minus one.

Iterator validity

Iterators, pointers and references referring to elements removed by the function are invalidated.
All other iterators, pointers and references keep their validity.

Data races

The container is modified.
The elements removed are modified. Concurrently accessing or modifying other elements is safe, although iterating through the container is not.

Exception safety

If binary_pred or the comparison of elements is guaranteed to not throw, the function never throws exceptions (no-throw guarantee).
Otherwise, if an exception is thrown, the container is left in a valid state (basic guarantee).

See also

  • 9281021542 2018-02-20
  • 632231541 2018-02-20
  • 9751491540 2018-02-20
  • 8333621539 2018-02-20
  • 995001538 2018-02-20
  • 6477441537 2018-02-20
  • 511981536 2018-02-19
  • 2072881535 2018-02-19
  • 6024461534 2018-02-19
  • 7594061533 2018-02-19
  • 9311341532 2018-02-19
  • 4928331531 2018-02-19
  • 38561530 2018-02-19
  • 7776611529 2018-02-19
  • 3038041528 2018-02-19
  • 9566341527 2018-02-19
  • 3936031526 2018-02-19
  • 9531111525 2018-02-19
  • 291211524 2018-02-19
  • 8962001523 2018-02-19