public member function
<map>

std::multimap::begin

      iterator begin();
const_iterator begin() const;
      iterator begin() noexcept;
const_iterator begin() const noexcept;
Return iterator to beginning
Returns an iterator referring to the first element in the multimap container.

Because multimap containers keep their elements ordered at all times, begin points to the element that goes first following the container's sorting criterion.

If the container is empty, the returned iterator value shall not be dereferenced.

Parameters

none

Return Value

An iterator to the first element in the container.

If the multimap object is const-qualified, the function returns a const_iterator. Otherwise, it returns an iterator.

Member types iterator and const_iterator are bidirectional iterator types pointing to elements (of type value_type).
Notice that value_type in multimap containers is an alias of pair<const key_type, mapped_type>.

Example

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// multimap::begin/end
#include <iostream>
#include <map>

int main ()
{
  std::multimap<char,int> mymultimap;

  mymultimap.insert (std::pair<char,int>('a',10));
  mymultimap.insert (std::pair<char,int>('b',20));
  mymultimap.insert (std::pair<char,int>('b',150));

  // show content:
  for (std::multimap<char,int>::iterator it=mymultimap.begin(); it!=mymultimap.end(); ++it)
    std::cout << (*it).first << " => " << (*it).second << '\n';

  return 0;
}


Output:
a => 10
b => 20
b => 150

Complexity

Constant.

Iterator validity

No changes.

Data races

The container is accessed (neither the const nor the non-const versions modify the container).
No contained elements are accessed by the call, but the iterator returned can be used to access or modify elements. Concurrently accessing or modifying different elements is safe.

Exception safety

No-throw guarantee: this member function never throws exceptions.
The copy construction or assignment of the returned iterator is also guaranteed to never throw.

See also

  • 9281021542 2018-02-20
  • 632231541 2018-02-20
  • 9751491540 2018-02-20
  • 8333621539 2018-02-20
  • 995001538 2018-02-20
  • 6477441537 2018-02-20
  • 511981536 2018-02-19
  • 2072881535 2018-02-19
  • 6024461534 2018-02-19
  • 7594061533 2018-02-19
  • 9311341532 2018-02-19
  • 4928331531 2018-02-19
  • 38561530 2018-02-19
  • 7776611529 2018-02-19
  • 3038041528 2018-02-19
  • 9566341527 2018-02-19
  • 3936031526 2018-02-19
  • 9531111525 2018-02-19
  • 291211524 2018-02-19
  • 8962001523 2018-02-19