public member type
<unordered_set>

std::unordered_multiset::begin

container iterator (1)
      iterator begin() noexcept;
const_iterator begin() const noexcept;
bucket iterator (2)
      local_iterator begin ( size_type n );
const_local_iterator begin ( size_type n ) const;
Return iterator to beginning
Returns an iterator pointing to the first element in the unordered_multiset container (1) or in one of its buckets (2).

Notice that an unordered_multiset object makes no guarantees on which specific element is considered its first element. But, in any case, the range that goes from its begin to its end covers all the elements in the container (or the bucket), until invalidated.

All iterators in an unordered_multiset have const access to the elements (even those whose type is not prefixed with const_): Elements can be inserted or removed, but not modified while in the container.

Parameters

n
Bucket number. This shall be lower than bucket_count.
It is an optional parameter that changes the behavior of this member function: if set, the iterator retrieved points to the first element of a bucket, otherwise it points to the first element of the container.
Member type size_type is an unsigned integral type.

Return Value

An iterator to the first element in the container (1) or the bucket (2).

All return types (iterator, const_iterator, local_iterator and const_local_iterator) are member types. In the unordered_multiset class template, these are forward iterator types.

Example

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// unordered_multiset::begin/end example
#include <iostream>
#include <string>
#include <unordered_set>

int main ()
{
  std::unordered_multiset<std::string> myums =
    {"father","mother","son","daughter","son","son"};

  std::cout << "myums contains:";
  for ( auto it = myums.begin(); it != myums.end(); ++it )
    std::cout << " " << *it;
  std::cout << std::endl;

  std::cout << "myums's buckets contain:\n";
  for ( unsigned i = 0; i < myums.bucket_count(); ++i) {
    std::cout << "bucket #" << i << " contains:";
    for ( auto local_it = myums.begin(i); local_it!= myums.end(i); ++local_it )
      std::cout << " " << *local_it;
    std::cout << std::endl;
  }

  return 0;
}


Possible output:
myums contains: father mother daughter son son son
myset's buckets contain:
bucket #0 contains:
bucket #1 contains: father
bucket #2 contains: mother
bucket #3 contains: daughter son son son
bucket #4 contains: 
bucket #5 contains: 
bucket #6 contains: 

Complexity

Constant.

Iterator validity

No changes.

See also

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