public member function
<vector>

std::vector::at

      reference at (size_type n);
const_reference at (size_type n) const;
Access element
Returns a reference to the element at position n in the vector.

The function automatically checks whether n is within the bounds of valid elements in the vector, throwing an out_of_range exception if it is not (i.e., if n is greater than, or equal to, its size). This is in contrast with member operator[], that does not check against bounds.

Parameters

n
Position of an element in the container.
If this is greater than, or equal to, the vector size, an exception of type out_of_range is thrown.
Notice that the first element has a position of 0 (not 1).
Member type size_type is an unsigned integral type.

Return value

The element at the specified position in the container.

If the vector object is const-qualified, the function returns a const_reference. Otherwise, it returns a reference.

Member types reference and const_reference are the reference types to the elements of the container (see vector member types).

Example

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// vector::at
#include <iostream>
#include <vector>

int main ()
{
  std::vector<int> myvector (10);   // 10 zero-initialized ints

  // assign some values:
  for (unsigned i=0; i<myvector.size(); i++)
    myvector.at(i)=i;

  std::cout << "myvector contains:";
  for (unsigned i=0; i<myvector.size(); i++)
    std::cout << ' ' << myvector.at(i);
  std::cout << '\n';

  return 0;
}


Output:
myvector contains: 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9

Complexity

Constant.

Iterator validity

No changes.

Data races

The container is accessed (neither the const nor the non-const versions modify the container).
The reference returned can be used to access or modify elements. Concurrently accessing or modifying different elements is safe.

Exception safety

Strong guarantee: if an exception is thrown, there are no changes in the container.
It throws out_of_range if n is out of bounds.

See also

  • 9281021542 2018-02-20
  • 632231541 2018-02-20
  • 9751491540 2018-02-20
  • 8333621539 2018-02-20
  • 995001538 2018-02-20
  • 6477441537 2018-02-20
  • 511981536 2018-02-19
  • 2072881535 2018-02-19
  • 6024461534 2018-02-19
  • 7594061533 2018-02-19
  • 9311341532 2018-02-19
  • 4928331531 2018-02-19
  • 38561530 2018-02-19
  • 7776611529 2018-02-19
  • 3038041528 2018-02-19
  • 9566341527 2018-02-19
  • 3936031526 2018-02-19
  • 9531111525 2018-02-19
  • 291211524 2018-02-19
  • 8962001523 2018-02-19