public member function
<vector>

std::vector::resize

void resize (size_type n, value_type val = value_type());
void resize (size_type n);
void resize (size_type n, const value_type& val);
Change size
Resizes the container so that it contains n elements.

If n is smaller than the current container size, the content is reduced to its first n elements, removing those beyond (and destroying them).

If n is greater than the current container size, the content is expanded by inserting at the end as many elements as needed to reach a size of n. If val is specified, the new elements are initialized as copies of val, otherwise, they are value-initialized.

If n is also greater than the current container capacity, an automatic reallocation of the allocated storage space takes place.

Notice that this function changes the actual content of the container by inserting or erasing elements from it.

Parameters

n
New container size, expressed in number of elements.
Member type size_type is an unsigned integral type.
val
Object whose content is copied to the added elements in case that n is greater than the current container size.
If not specified, the default constructor is used instead.
Member type value_type is the type of the elements in the container, defined in vector as an alias of the first template parameter (T).

Return Value

none

If a reallocation happens, the storage is allocated using the container's allocator, which may throw exceptions on failure (for the default allocator, bad_alloc is thrown if the allocation request does not succeed).

Example

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// resizing vector
#include <iostream>
#include <vector>

int main ()
{
  std::vector<int> myvector;

  // set some initial content:
  for (int i=1;i<10;i++) myvector.push_back(i);

  myvector.resize(5);
  myvector.resize(8,100);
  myvector.resize(12);

  std::cout << "myvector contains:";
  for (int i=0;i<myvector.size();i++)
    std::cout << ' ' << myvector[i];
  std::cout << '\n';

  return 0;
}


Output:
myvector contains: 1 2 3 4 5 100 100 100 0 0 0 0

Complexity

Linear on the number of elements inserted/erased (constructions/destructions).

If a reallocation happens, the reallocation is itself up to linear in the entire vector size.

Iterator validity

In case the container shrinks, all iterators, pointers and references to elements that have not been removed remain valid after the resize and refer to the same elements they were referring to before the call.

If the container expands, the end iterator is invalidated and, if it has to reallocate storage, all iterators, pointers and references related to this container are also invalidated.

Data races

The container is modified.
If a reallocation happens, all contained elements are modified.
Otherwise, none of the elements before n is accessed, and concurrently accessing or modifying them is safe.

Exception safety

If n is less than or equal to the size of the container, the function never throws exceptions (no-throw guarantee).
If n is greater and a reallocation happens, there are no changes in the container in case of exception (strong guarantee) if the type of the elements is either copyable or no-throw moveable.
Otherwise, if an exception is thrown, the container is left with a valid state (basic guarantee).

See also

  • 997351548 2018-02-20
  • 903691547 2018-02-20
  • 9127171546 2018-02-20
  • 2234751545 2018-02-20
  • 1685381544 2018-02-20
  • 911091543 2018-02-20
  • 9281021542 2018-02-20
  • 632231541 2018-02-20
  • 9751491540 2018-02-20
  • 8333621539 2018-02-20
  • 995001538 2018-02-20
  • 6477441537 2018-02-20
  • 511981536 2018-02-19
  • 2072881535 2018-02-19
  • 6024461534 2018-02-19
  • 7594061533 2018-02-19
  • 9311341532 2018-02-19
  • 4928331531 2018-02-19
  • 38561530 2018-02-19
  • 7776611529 2018-02-19